Evidence – information presented in testimony or in documents used to convince the investigator (judge or jury) to decide the case for either party. Plea — In a criminal case, the defendant`s testimony pleads guilty to «guilty» or «not guilty» in response to the charge in public court. A plea from nolo contendere or a plea from Alford can also be made. An admission of guilt allows the accused to drop a trial. In England and Wales, the term «claimant» replaced the term «claimant» after the entry into force of the Code of Civil Procedure on 26 April 1999. [2] This decision, which challenges England and Wales for everyday language in English-speaking jurisdictions, was based on the assessment that the word «applicant» as «plain English» is more acceptable than the word «applicant». [3] Under Scottish law, a plaintiff is referred to as a «persecutor» and a defendant as a «defender». [4] How can you distinguish the plaintiff from the respondent by simply looking at a complaint or hearing the name of a case? The plaintiff is usually named first on the case label and the defendant second. Record — Place a document in the official custody of the court clerk for inclusion in the records or records of a case. Lawyers must file a variety of documents throughout the life of a case. Appeal – An application made after a trial that asks another court (usually the Court of Appeal) to decide whether the proceedings were conducted correctly.

Making such a request means «appealing» or «appealing». Both the plaintiff and the defendant can appeal, and the party who does so is called the plaintiff. Appeals can be filed for a variety of reasons, including inappropriate procedures and ask the court to change its interpretation of the law. Probation Officer (or Investigator) – Screen applicants for remand and supervise convicted offenders released under judicial supervision. Bankruptcy – Refers to laws and legal proceedings involving individuals or businesses that are unable to pay their debts and seek the court`s help in making a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors can repay their debts by potentially paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings. Probation — A criminal law alternative to imprisonment, in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are met.

One of the main differences between a plaintiff and a defendant in civil proceedings is that the plaintiff is usually burdened with the burden of proof for the allegations. Pre-Trial Conference – A meeting of the judge and lawyers to discuss the issues that should be presented to the jury to review evidence and witnesses, establish a schedule and discuss the resolution of the case. Sentence — A court-ordered sentence for an accused convicted of a crime. Federal courts follow the guidelines of the United States Sentencing Commission when deciding on the appropriate sentence for a particular crime. Affidavit – A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party who made it. Affidavits must be notarized or administered by a court official with such authority. In most common law jurisdictions, the term «plaintiff», which has been used in England and Wales since 1999 (see below), is only used in specific, often extrajudicial, contexts. Especially in American parlance, terms such as «plaintiff» and «claim form» are limited to out-of-court proceedings in insurance law and administrative law. After exhausting available remedies from an insurer or government agency, a U.S.

plaintiff who needs additional relief would go to court, file a complaint (and thus establish a real court case under judicial control) and become a plaintiff. Reporter — Records court proceedings, creates a transcript and publishes court opinions or decisions. U.S. Attorney (or Federal Prosecutor) – A lawyer appointed by the President in each judicial district to prosecute and defend federal government business. Jurisdiction — (1) The legal power of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction occurs when two courts have jurisdiction in the same case at the same time. Some issues may be heard in state and federal courts. The plaintiff first decides where to sue, but in some cases, the defendant may try to change courts.

2. The geographical area in which the General Court has jurisdiction to rule on cases. A federal court in a state, for example, can usually rule on only one case arising from acts committed in that state. pro se — Latin term meaning «in one`s own name»; In the courts, these are people who present their own case without a lawyer. conversely — When an appellate court overturns the decision of a lower court due to an error. A reversal is often followed by pre-trial detention. For example, if the defendant argued on appeal that certain evidence should not have been used at trial and the Court of Appeal agrees, the case will be remanded in custody so that the trial court can reconsider the case without that evidence. Pre-trial detention – When an appellate court refers a case to a lower court for a new hearing. The lower court is often required to do something different, but that doesn`t always mean that the court`s final decision will change the jury pool – the group of people from which the actual jury is selected. The jury is chosen at random from a source such as voter registration banks.

The lawyers in the case select the actual jurors from the jury pool through a trial called voir dire. A plaintiff (Π in abbreviated legal form) is the party who brings an action (also called an action) in court. In doing so, the applicant requests an appeal; If this search is successful, the court renders a judgment in favor of the plaintiff and issues the corresponding order (e.B. compensation order). «Plaintiff» is the term used in civil matters in most English-speaking jurisdictions, with the notable exception of England and Wales, where a plaintiff has been known as «plaintiff» since the introduction of the Code of Civil Procedure in 1999, but this term also has other meanings. In criminal cases, the prosecutor initiates proceedings against the accused, but the main complaining party is often referred to as the «complainant». Litigation — A case, controversy or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in a dispute are called litigants. confirmed — judgment of the courts of appeal in which the decree or order is declared valid and applies as decided in lower instance. In forma pauperis — In the manner of a poor man. Permission given to a person to sue for need or poverty without paying legal fees. Panel — (1) In appeal proceedings, a panel of judges (usually three) is responsible for deciding the case; (2) In the jury selection procedure, the group of potential jurors.

Since the plaintiff is suing, he or she is responsible for preparing the complaint […].